Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall

Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall is the hall to memorialize the people killed in the Nanjing Massacre by theImperial Japanese Army in and around the then capital of China, Nanjing, after it fell on December 13, 1937. It is located in the southwestern corner of Nanjing known as Jiangdongmen, near a site where thousands of bodies were buried, called a "pit of ten thousand corpses"


The Nanjing Memorial Hall was built in 1985 by the Nanjing Municipal Government in memory of the 300,000 victims who lost their lives during the Nanjing Massacre. In 1995, it was enlarged and renovated. The memorial exhibits historical records and objects, and uses architecture, sculptures, and videos to illustrate what happened during the Nanjing Massacre. Many historical items were donated by Japanese members of a Japanese–Chinese friendship group, which also donated a garden located on the museum grounds.

It occupies a total area of approximately 28,000 square meters, including about 3,000 square meters of building floor space.


The memorial consists of three major parts: outdoor exhibits, sheltered skeletal remains of victims, and an exhibition hall of historical documents.

~ Wiki ~

Memoir of a POW of the Japanese Imperial Army

 Mr. Reginald Bulled at his book launch on March 31st, 2014. Copyright © Louis Au 2014

Mr. Reginald Bulled at his book launch on March 31st, 2014. Copyright © Louis Au 2014

Mr. Reginald Bulled is an amazing human being. Back in 1941, at the young age of 19, Reginald Bulled joined the Royal Corps of Signals in the British army and was quickly shipped off to defend Singapore from the Japanese Imperial Army. A few months later, he was captured and started his four-year ordeal as a Japanese POW in various internment camps in South East Asia.

60,000 Allied soldiers were forced by the Japanese Imperial Army to build the 'death railroad' through the dense jungle to connect Bangkok to Rangoon. During this time, POWs were faced with starvation, beatings, deadly tropical diseases and never ending exhaustion. When the railroad was finally completed, 16,000 POWs and 100,000 Asian civilians had perished.

The Christian faith and the love of his life had given Reginald Bulled the strength he needed to carry on despite the tremendous sufferings. After 50 years, Reginald Bulled has decided to put his war experience into a memoir so that future generations can learn about the atrocities committed during WWW II in Asia. 

In his words, “I…try [to] put down...firmly the atrocities and brutal treatment I and many thousands of others suffered at the hands of the Japanese during World War II in the prisoner-of-war camps…they are memories that will not go away and many of the incidents written here are still as vivid in my mind as they were when they actually occurred.”

Mr. Reginald Bulled is now 94 years old and resides in Toronto.

 Love, Faith and The Railroad by Reginald Bulled

Love, Faith and The Railroad by Reginald Bulled

Introduction by Toronto ALPHA:

Faith, Love and Railroad is a firsthand account of a British soldier held in captivity in Singapore and Thailand from 1942 to 1945. It depicts the life of a prisoner of war who endured inhumane living and working conditions under the Japanese Imperial Army. With astounding courage, Reginald Bulled relived his experiences to record them as a testament to the past.

Published by the Association for Learning and Preserving the History of World War II in Asia (ALPHA), Reginald Bulled’s Faith, Love & the Railroad is a raw telling of the power of the human spirit, a compelling life story that exemplifies how humour, love and faith can overcome adversity.



A netsuke (根付) is a form of miniature sculpture which developed in Japan during the 17th century. Netsuke served both functional and aesthetic purposes. The kimono, the traditional form of Japanese dress, had no pockets. Women would tuck small personal items into their sleeves, but men suspended their tobacco pouches, pipes, purses, or writing implements on a silk cord from their obi (kimono sash). These hanging objects are called sagemono. To stop the cord from slipping through the obi, a small toggle was attached. The toggle is called a netsuke. (The most popular pronunciation is "net-ski", while the actual Japanese is closer to "netskeh"). A sliding bead (ojime) was strung on the cord between the netsuke and the sagemono to tighten or loosen the opening of the sagemono.

The entire ensemble was then worn, at the waist, and functioned as a sort of removable hip pocket. All three objects (the netsuke, the ojime and the different types of sagemono) were often beautifully decorated with elaborate carving, lacquer work, or inlays of rare and exotic materials, including: wood, ivory, precious metals, shell, coral, and semi-precious stones. All three items developed into highly coveted and collectible art forms.

~International Netsuke Society~